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Again and again the data show that people of color in the U.S. are disproportionately, and systematically, stopped, frisked, arrested, and exposed to the use of force by police. Police departments and communities across the U.S. are struggling with these realities and with what has become a glaring divide in how Americans experience and relate to policing. This special collection includes research from nonprofits, foundations, and university based research centers, who have not only described and documented the issue but who also provide much-needed recommendations for addressing this chronic and tragic problem.

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Unequal Treatment: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Miami-Dade Criminal Justice

July 19, 2018

This report analyzed data on all adult criminal defendants from 2010 to 2015, examining individual and neighborhood racial and ethnic disparities across multiple decision points within Miami-Dade County's criminal justice system: arrest, bond, and pretrial detention, charging and disposition, and sentencing. The analysis uncovered racial and ethnic disparities at each of these decision points. Disparities were also found at every decision point that, regardless of ethnicity, resulted in disadvantages for Black defendants and neighborhoods while resulting in advantages for White defendants and neighborhoods.

Racial Disparities in Florida Safety Belt Law Enforcement

January 1, 2016

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) analysis of the most recent seatbelt citation data confirms that the Florida Safety Belt Law has been applied more often to Black motorists than white motorists. Across Florida, and in specific counties, Blacks are stopped and issued seatbelt citations far out of proportion to their estimated representation among Florida drivers, despite the fact that Black and white people in Florida use seatbelts at closely comparable rates. These findings suggest that biased policing impacts seatbelt enforcement.

Racial Bias & Profiling; Traffic Stops