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Again and again the data show that people of color in the U.S. are disproportionately, and systematically, stopped, frisked, arrested, and exposed to the use of force by police. Police departments and communities across the U.S. are struggling with these realities and with what has become a glaring divide in how Americans experience and relate to policing. This special collection includes research from nonprofits, foundations, and university based research centers, who have not only described and documented the issue but who also provide much-needed recommendations for addressing this chronic and tragic problem.

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The State of Black Girls in New York State Issue Brief I: Policing and Arraignments

February 1, 2021

The Police STAT Act was signed into law on June 15, 2020 intending to bring transparency to patterns of discriminatory policing. As updated on January 6, 2021, there were 1,832 arraignments of youth gendered female and aged 14 to 24 across the state during that time. New York City represented 36% of girls' arraignments but represents roughly 42% of the state's population. The dataset includes over $34,000 in fines, fees, and surcharges for these young girls – extracting resources from girls and families during a pandemic and economic crisis.

We Still Deserve Safety: Renewing the Call to End the Criminalization of Women and Girls of Color

September 1, 2020

Police killings of Black people and the ensuing nation-wide protests that swept across the United States during the spring and summer months of 2020 are certain to be recorded as defining elements of an unprecedented year. Like Tamir Rice, Eric Garner, and so many others before them, the names of the people of color killed by police in 2020 are now seared into our national consciousness: George Floyd. Rayshard Brooks. Tony McDade. Breonna Taylor. Their deaths unleashed a national fury and ignited a long overdue reckoning with racial violence by police against people of color. But as so often happens, women and girls of color are again being left out of the story. Their experiences? Overlooked and erased by a media and policy narrative that overwhelmingly focuses on men and boys of color.Alarmed by the gendered narrative that has emerged, YWCA undertook a media review for the years 2017-2020 and examined the extent to which women and girls of color continue to be criminalized andracially profiled by law enforcement. YWCA's 2020 review paints a disturbing picture of the gendered racial profiling and criminalization that girls and women of color continue to experience.

Overlooked in Plain Sight: Documenting Police Violence Against Girls of Color

July 1, 2020

In July 2020, ProPublica released records from the Civilian Complaint Review Board (CCRB) specifically, closed cases of every active-duty NYPD police officer who has at least one substantiated misconduct allegation against them. Propublica's database includes 1,083 cases where the complainant was a girl or young woman aged 24 and under , spanning from 1999 to 2019. GGE offers the following not as a recommendation for gender-responsive policing, but rather to shift the public consciousness around the everyday violence of policing, particularly framing policing as a kind of concentrated gender-based violence.

Policy Brief: School Policing Disparities for Black Girls

January 1, 2020

During the 2018-2019 school year, there were 4,560 police interventions targeting girls in New York City public schools reported by the NYPD through the Student Safety Act – Black girls represented 57% of all interventions, while representing only 25% of all girls.

We Deserve Safety: Ending the Criminalization of Women & Girls of Color

September 29, 2017

This briefing paper describes unique and particular ways in which girls and women of color experience racial profiling and criminalization across a range of situations and settings. Where available, we have referenced studies and reports that document patterns, trends, and statistical comparisons between racial and ethnic groups. Because the experiences of girls and women of color are so often overlooked in formal research settings, we also reference news articles and media accounts to illustrate their experiences. Where publicly available, we have included names to ensure that their stories and experiencesare humanized and not forgotten.

Say Her Name: Resisting Police Brutality Against Black Women

July 1, 2015

Say Her Name sheds light on Black women's experiences of police violence in an effort to support a gender-inclusive approach to racial justice that centers all Black lives equally. It is our hope that this document will serve as a tool for the resurgent racial justice movement to mobilize around the stories of Black women who have lost their lives to police violence.